Canadian Biomaterials Society
La Société Canadienne des Biomatériaux

Dopamine Assisted Self-Cleaning, Antifouling, and Antibacterial Coating via Dynamic Covalent Interactions

Journal: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Authors: Anika Benozir Asha - Yi-Yang Peng - Ravin Narain - Qiuli Cheng, Kazuhiko Ishihara, Yang Liu

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In this project, a sugar-responsive self-cleaning coating has been developed by forming covalent boronic ester bonds between catechol groups from polydopamine and a benzoxaborole pendant from zwitterionic and cationic polymers. To incorporate antifouling properties and enhance the biocompatibility of the coating, bioinspired zwitterionic compound 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) was chosen and benzoxaborole pendant containing zwitterionic polymer poly(MPC-st-MAABO) (MAABO: 5-methacrylamido-1,2-benzoxaborole) was synthesized. Additionally to impart antibacterial properties to the surface, a quaternary ammonium containing cationic polymer poly(2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl trimethylammonium (META)-st-MAABO)) was synthesized. These synthesized polymers were covalently grafted to a polydopamine (PDA) coated surface by forming a strong cyclic boronic ester complex with a catechol group of the PDA layer endowing the surface with bacteria contact-killing properties and capturing specific protein. After the addition of cis-diol containing competitive molecules, i.e., saccharides/sugars, this boronic ester complex with a catechol group of PDA was replaced and the attached polymer layer was cleaved from the surface, resulting in the release of both absorbed protein and live/killed bacteria electrostatically attached to the polymer layer. This dynamic self-cleaning surface can be a promising material for biomedical applications avoiding the gathering of dead cells and debris that are typically encountered on a traditional biocidal surface.

Year: 2022

Volume: 14

PP: 9557

Anika Benozir Asha

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